Tokyo Municipalities

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Municipalities of Tokyo.

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by Philbert Ono

As of March 31, 2006, Tokyo has 23 wards (-ku 区), 26 cities (-shi; 市), 5 towns (-machi; 町), and 8 villages (-mura; 村). Most of the villages are in the outlying islands in the Izu island chain and Ogasawara island group.

23 Wards

Each ward (ku 区) is a local municipality with its own elected mayors and assemblies but differs from ordinary cities in that certain governmental functions are handled by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government.

As of September 1, 2003 the total population of the 23 wards was about 8.34 million, with a population density of 13,416 persons per square kilometer.

  • Adachi-ku () - Train/subway stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Arakawa-ku () - Train/subway stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Bunkyo-ku () - Train/subway stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Chiyoda-ku () - Train/subway stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Chuo-ku () - Train/subway stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Edogawa-ku () - Train/subway stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Itabashi-ku () - Train/subway stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Katsushika-ku () - Train/subway stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Kita-ku () - Train/subway stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Koto-ku () - Train/subway stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Meguro-ku () - Train/subway stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Minato-ku () - Train/subway stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Nakano-ku () - Train/subway stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Nerima-ku () - Train/subway stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Ota-ku () - Train/subway stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Setagaya-ku () - Train/subway stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Shibuya-ku () - Train/subway stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Shinagawa-ku () - Train/subway stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Shinjuku-ku () - Train/subway stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Suginami-ku () - Train/subway stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Sumida-ku () - Train/subway stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Toshima-ku () - Train/subway stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Taito-ku () - Train/subway stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]

Cities

West of the 23 wards, Tokyo consists of cities (shi 市), which enjoy a similar legal status to cities elsewhere in Japan. While serving a role as bedroom communities for those working in central Tokyo, some of these cities also have a local commercial and industrial base. Collectively, these cities are often known as "West Tokyo."

  • Akiruno () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Akishima () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Chofu () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Fuchu () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Fussa () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Hachioji () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Hamura () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Higashikurume () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Higashimurayama () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Higashiyamato () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Hino () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Inagi () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Kiyose () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Kodaira () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Koganei () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Kokubunji () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Komae () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Kunitachi () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Machida () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Mitaka () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Musashimurayama () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Musashino () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Nishi-tokyo () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Ome () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Tachikawa () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Tama () - Train stations: JR | Photos | [http Official site]

Towns and Villages

Towns (-machi; 町) and villages (-mura; 村) are grouped into non-administrative counties (-gun; 郡).

Islands

Tokyo's outlying islands extend as far as 1,300 km from central Tokyo. Because of the islands' distance from the city, they are locally run by branches of the metropolitan government. Most of the islands are classified as villages.

  • Kozushima-mura () - Kozushima island in the Izu island chain. | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Niijima-mura () - Comprises Niijima island and Shikine island in the Izu island chain. | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Oshima-machi () - Oshima island is the largest Izu island. | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Toshima-mura () - Toshima island in the Izu island chain. | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Mikurajima-mura () - Mikura island near Miyake island in the Izu island chain. | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Miyake-mura () - Miyake island in the Izu island chain. | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Aogashima-mura () - Aogashima island south of Hachijojima island. | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Hachijo-machi () - Hachijojima island. | Photos | [http Official site]
  • Ogasawara-mura () - Comprises the Ogasawara Islands (Bonin Islands) which include, from north to south, Chichjima, Nishinoshima, Hahajima, Kita Iwo Jima, Iwo Jima, and Minami Iwo Jima. Also includes two tiny outlying islands: Minami Torishima, the easternmost point in Japan, and Oki no Torishima, the southernmost point in Japan. | Photos | [http Official site]

Municipal Mergers

On Jan. 20, 2001, Tokyo had 27 cities (-shi; 市), 5 towns (-machi; 町), and 8 villages (-mura; 村). By March 31, 2006, this changed to 26 cities, 5 towns, and 8 villages. Only two municipalities merged. Heisei Municipal Mergers between April 1, 1999 and March 31, 2006 are as follows:

  • Jan. 21, 2001: The cities of Tanashi and Hoya in western Tokyo merge to form Nishi Tokyo city.

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